Mandatory emission reduction targets for European vehicles come into effect in less than three years. By 2021, phased in from 2020, fleet averages for all new cars must not exceed 95 grams of carbon dioxide (CO2) per kilometer. For many auto manufacturers, achieving the 2021 target remains a challenge with some still looking around for … Continue reading Post-2020 CO2 targets: Time for a reality check?
In 1884, electrical engineer and inventor Thomas Parker began producing electric cars and trams in London, England. By 1900, 30% of cars were electric. Fast forward 20 years and electric vehicles (EV) had all but died out; Henry Ford’s reasonably priced internal combustion engine (ICE), widely available gasoline, and the patent of an electric starter … Continue reading Minimal impact of vehicle electrification seen on lubricating greases
Clearly, the arrival of alternative powertrains has far-reaching implications for lubricant products. Depending on who you talk to, the trend towards electrification is either at a tipping point, or slow and sluggish — leaving the internal combustion engine (ICE) to dominate for years to come. There is no clear consensus and a raft of projections. … Continue reading Lubrication challenges of hybrid and electric vehicles