Volkswagen has developed a new state-of-the-art manual gearbox which can save up to five grams of CO2 per kilometre, depending on the engine and gearbox combination. In addition to being more efficient, the new gearbox is quieter and more durable than existing units. The new Passat will be the first vehicle to be equipped with the MQ281, followed by almost all vehicle classes of the Volkswagen Group.
The trend towards vehicles from the SUV segment with large-diameter wheels places high demands on the gearbox.
Manual gearboxes have a significant share of the gearbox market worldwide due to a high installation rate.
“With the MQ281, we have developed a highly efficient manual gearbox that reliably meets these demands – and is soon to be introduced into a number of vehicle classes in the volume segment,” said Helmut Göbbels, head of manual gearbox and four-wheel drive development at Volkswagen.
The MQ281 has a torque spectrum of 200 to 340 newton metres, which means it completely or partially supersedes the current Volkswagen gearbox designs with the internal designations MQ250 and MQ350, respectively.
Development of the new gearbox focused primarily on improving efficiency. “Here we employed virtual development methods,” said Göbbels. “This enabled us to design a completely new oil conduction system. Using a variety of oil conduction measures, we are able to achieve a uniform and optimum lubrication of gear wheels and bearings, reducing the amount of lifetime oil required to just 1.5 litres.”
To further reduce friction, a bearing concept adapted to the gearbox was developed. The design used friction-minimised bearings with low-contact seals.
Material use and its distribution for the gearbox housing were also optimised. With the aid of a further virtual development tool, a strength-optimised housing structure could be designed. The new housing supports the noise requirements of today (avoidance of undesired secondary noises) and therefore ensures improved driving comfort through less audible and noticeable vibrations in the vehicle.
As is the case with many Volkswagen gearboxes, the MQ281 is produced in-house.
Ramp-up is currently underway in the factories in Barcelona, Spain, and Córdoba, Argentina.